Google Chrome vs. Microsoft Edge: A Detailed Guide

11/11/2022

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Both Google Chrome and Microsoft Edge are the latest best web browsers. With a few exceptions, both web browsers can take you almost everywhere you want on the internet. They are also both fairly simple to use and packed with valuable features. If you’re moderate with the number of tabs you leave open on most PCs and mobile devices, neither sucks up a ton of system resources.

Additionally, you might be curious to know how these two browsers differ specifically for your needs. Sometimes, a website might only support Google Chrome or Microsoft Edge, so it’s worth having both installed on the same device.

Microsoft Edge and Google Chrome will be compared and contrasted in this article.

What is Google Chrome?

Google Chrome, the top web browser, was first made available as proprietary freeware for Windows XP on September 2, 2008. It can be found on most devices, including iPhones, iPads, Android tablets, Linux desktops, iMacs, Windows laptops, Chromebooks, and pretty much any laptop. It is currently the most extensively used web browser on the entire internet.

Chrome introduced many features in other browsers to increase its functionality and cross-device syncing. For example, pick up your phone and start up where you left off on a page on your PC. Most internet users have chosen Google Chrome because of its straightforward design and broad compatibility (and customizability).

What is Microsoft Edge?

Microsoft Edge is essentially Internet Explorer 2.0. In a sense, it’s Microsoft’s direct response to Google Chrome, and the result is a much more supple browsing experience than Internet Explorer, which is why so many users chose to immediately download Chrome or Mozilla Firefox on new Windows computers and set those as their default browser, abandoning Internet Explorer.

On Windows 10 and 11 systems, Microsoft Edge is the default browser, so you don’t need to download and install anything else to enjoy the finest browsing experience. Except for Linux and Chromebooks, Microsoft Edge is cross-device compatible with every significant type of device listed above. Despite testing, there is no Chromebook support planned for Linux. Microsoft Edge is compatible with Windows 7 and up, specifically for Windows users who haven’t upgraded to Windows 10.

Key Features

Chrome Key Features

  • Synchronization across devices
  • Horizontal tabs
  • Tab groups
  • Bookmarks
  • Reading list
  • Browser history
  • Extensions
  • Themes, including dark mode
  • Password manager
  • Task manager for websites
  • Private browsing

Edge Key Features

  • Synchronization across devices
  • Horizontal and vertical tabs
  • Favorites
  • Collections
  • Browser history
  • Extensions
  • Multiple privacy levels
  • Password manager
  • Immersive reader
  • Private browsing

User Interface

The user interface of Microsoft Edge will be very familiar to you if you are used to Google Chrome (and vice versa). You can bookmark your favorite pages and have several tabs open in each window. The slight changes primarily depend on personal preference.

Tabs

Chrome and Edge both arrange your tabs by default in a row at the top of your screen.On the other hand, Edge allows you to convert to a column of vertical tabs on the left side of the page. There is no built-in vertical tab capability in Chrome. Although there are Chrome Web Store plugins that can achieve a comparable result, none of them work as Microsoft Edge’s built-in vertical tabs.

Tab groups are also accessible in Chrome and Edge. There isn’t much of a difference here; both browsers allow you to name and assign a color to each group, and they shuffle your tabs such that tabs from the same group are placed adjacent.

Favorites & Bookmarks

The idea is the same whether you refer to them as favorites in Edge or bookmarks in Chrome. Your favorite pages can be bookmarked for quick access later. You can add some of these bookmarks to the top bar of both browsers and place others in a drop-down list. Your bookmarks and favorites can be arranged into folders.

The “Collections” feature in Microsoft Edge is an additional tool for grouping links together. Links, pictures, and copied text can all be added to collections. Additionally, you can add notes to your database.A collection can be uploaded to Pinterest, OneDrive, Microsoft Docs, and Excel. Your devices can sync collections.

A comparable function is also available on Google and is named Collections. Google Collections isn’t available in Chrome; you can use Edge to access and add to it just as easily.When other Google accounts are given access, Google Collections can be shared.

Dark Mode and Themes

Many custom themes are available if you don’t like how Edge or Chrome looks by default. The Chrome Web Store offers Chrome themes for purchase. Although there isn’t a dedicated dark mode setting, plenty of dark themes are available.

If you’re using Edge, the Appearance settings page allows you to choose and change the appearance of your browser slightly. Select a theme, then decide whether you want the appearance to be light, dark, or default overall.

In settings, you can choose from 14 color themes. You can purchase a theme from the Chrome Web Store or the Microsoft Edge Store if you’d like something different.

Search Engine

Microsoft Edge utilizes Bing as its default search engine, while Google Chrome uses Google by default. However, either browser allows you to change the default search engine simply, so this shouldn’t affect your choice.

Mobile Version

Both Microsoft Edge and Google Chrome offer iOS and Android versions. On mobile devices, Edge is not particularly popular. Edge has a market share of 8.1% on desktop and barely 0.1% on mobile, compared to Chrome’s 68.79% on desktop and 63.72% on mobile. The difference can likely be because Chrome is the default browser on Android devices while Edge is the default browser on Windows laptops.

What browser has the best mobile app, though?

Chrome places the menu and tabs at the top of the screen whereas Edge places them at the bottom. The app’s overall quality is identical, therefore, a user’s preference will ultimately determine their choice.

Efficiency and Performance

If you use Google Chrome frequently and have a lot of tabs open at once, it can be a RAM eater. Same also with  Microsoft EdgeMicrosoft Edge uses less RAM than Google Chrome and it is slightly faster. Additionally, Edge offers a switch to activate a CPU-friendly “Efficiency mode.” Google Chrome performs better on systems with more of RAM. The ideal amount of RAM for effective multitasking is 8 GB or more.

Compatibility Across Devices, Security, and Privacy

Both Microsoft Edge and Google Chrome have security settings, and both keep things straightforward: When you go to the “Privacy, search, and services” tab on Microsoft Edge or the “Security and Privacy” tab on Google Chrome, you’re presented with three sizable options, each of which has a description of the specific features, it affects in your Microsoft Edge or Google Chrome browser.

 It is well known that Microsoft Edge has a more advanced internal firewall that communicates with Microsoft Defender SmartScreen, which is better equipped to prevent your device from being targeted by malicious users when you are browsing the web.

The main drawback of depending on Google Chrome’s Enhanced Security feature is that it is solely predicated on providing Google with your personal information. Microsoft does not force you to decide whether you feel comfortable transmitting your data; rather, it merely offers you better security if you select it. 

Both Google Chrome and Microsoft Edge allow you to pick up anything you were previously reading on a separate system, as long as you’re registered into your account and synchronization is enabled. Both browsers can save and sync everything from bookmarks to passwords used throughout the web.

Extensions

Microsoft Edge and Google Chrome may use many extensions and have a wide range of settings. You may transfer a sizable number of your Google Chrome extensions to Microsoft Edge. Extensions like “Grammarly,” which helps you write and spell better by offering ideas as you go, and “Strict WorkFlow,” an applet that temporarily disables specified websites.

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Conclusion

Both are suitable for daily use. Each of them contributes a variety of abilities and capabilities. Choose the Microsoft Edge browser if your work needs security and privacy requirements. Google Chrome can assist with performing many activities with the best application. Edge is invariably the best option when we need privacy while multitasking.

Thus, the decision ultimately depends on which browser will be your top choice. Microsoft Edge can have a stunning interface, high-end features or Google Chrome can have advanced extension support and is simple to use.

Which do you prefer, Chrome or Microsoft Edge? Please share your opinions on which option is better.